Companion plants for vegetable gardening

Common name Scientific name Helps Helped by Attracts Alliums Allium Fruit trees, nightshades (tomatoes, capsicum peppers, potatoes), brassicas, carrots Carrots, tomatoes, carrots and African spider plants (Cleome gynandra) together, marigolds (Tagetesspp.), mints




Thrips Asparagus Asparagus officinalis Tomatoes, parsley Aster family flowers, dill, coriander, tomatoes, parsley, basil,]comfrey, marigolds, nasturtiums Coupled with basil seems to encourage lady bugs Beans, bush Phaseolus vulgaris Cucumber, soybeans,[ strawberries[ Celery, strawberries, grains   Beans, pole Phaseolus vulgaris   Radishes, Corn   Beans, fava Vicia faba   Strawberries, Celery   Beets Beta vulgaris Broccoli,  bush beans, cabbage, lettuce, kohlrabi, onions, brassicas, passion fruit Bush beans, onions, kohlrabi, catnip, garlic, lettuce, most brassicas,  mint   Brassicas Brassica Beets, onions, potatoes, cereals (e.g. corn, wheat)[ Beets, spinach, chard, Aromatic plants or plants with many blossoms, such as celery, chamomile, and marigolds. Dill, sage, peas, peppermint, spearmint, spurrey, rosemary, rye-grass,[  garlic, onions, and potatoes, geraniums, alliums, nasturtium, borage, hyssop, tansy,  tomatoes, thyme, wormwood, southernwood, beans, clover   Broccoli Brassica oleracea Lettuce Mixture of mustard, pac choi, and rape. Beets, dill, lettuce, mustard, onions, tomato, turnip, clover   Brussels sprouts Brassica oleracea   Sage, thyme, clover, malting barley   Cabbage Brassica oleracea / Brassica chinensis Beans,  celery Beans, clover, calendula/pot marigold, chamomile, larkspur, nasturtiums, dill, coriander, hyssop, onions, beets,  marigolds, mint, rosemary,sage, thyme, tomatoes, lacy phacelia, Green onions with Chinese cabbage. Snails and slugs Carrots Daucus carota Tomatoes, alliums, beans, leeks, lettuce, onions, passion fruit[23] Lettuce, alliums (chives, leeks, onions, shallots, etc.), rosemary, ]wormwood, sage, beans, flax Assassin buglacewing, parasitic wasp, yellow jacket and other predatory wasps Cauliflower Brassica oleracea Beans, celery, spinach, peas Mixture of Chinese cabbage, marigolds, rape, and sunflower, ]Spinach, peas   Celery Apium graveolens Bush beans, brassicas, cucumber Cosmos, daisies, snapdragons, leeks, tomatoes, cauliflower,]cabbage, bush beans[   Chard Beta vulgarisssp. cicla Brassicas,  passion fruit     Corn / Maize Zea mays Beans, cucurbits, soybeans, tomatoes Sunflowers, dill, legumes (beans, peas, soybeans etc.), peanuts, cucurbits, clover,  amaranth, white geranium, pigweed, lamb’s quarters, morning glory, parsley, and potato, field mustard,  Sudan grass   Cucumber Cucumis sativus Beans, kohlrabi,  lettuce Kohlrabi,]nasturtiums, radishes, marigolds, sunflowers, peas, beans, chamomile, beets, carrots, dill, onions, garlic, amaranth (Amaranthus cruentus), celery ]Malabar spinach Beneficial for ground beetles Cucurbits Cucurbitaceae Corn[13] Corn,  grain sorghum   Eggplant or Aubergine Solanum melongena Beans, peppers, tomatoes, passion fruit[ Marigolds, catnip, dill, redroot pigweed green beans, tarragon, mints, thyme   Kohlrabi Brassica oleracea v. gongylodes Onion, beets, aromatic plants, cucumbers Beets, cucumbers   Leek Allium ampeloprasumv. porrum Carrots,  celery, onions,  tomato, passion fruit[ Carrots clover,   Legumes Phaseolus and Vicia Beets, lettuce, okra, potato, spinach, dill, cabbage, carrots, chards, eggplant, peas, tomatoes, brassicas, corn, cucumbers, grapes Summer savory, beets, cucumbers, borage, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, corn, larkspur, lovage,marigolds, mustards, radish, potato, peppermint, ]rosemary, lettuce, onion, squash, lacy phacelia Snails and slugs[ Lettuce Lactuca sativa Beets,,beans, okra, onions, radish, broccoli, Carrots, passion fruit Radish, beets, dill, kohlrabi, onions, beans, carrots, cucumbers,]strawberries, broccoli, thyme, nasturtiums, alyssum, cilantro Slugs and snails. Mustard Sinapis alba Beans,  broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, fruit trees,grapes,  radish, brussels sprouts, turnips     Nightshades Solanaceae   Carrots, alliums, mints (basil, oregano, etc.)   Okra Abelmoschus esculentus Sweet potato, tomatoes, peppers[] Beans, lettuce,]squash, sweet potato, peppers   Onion Allium cepa Beets, beans, brassicas, cabbage, broccoli, carrots, lettuce, cucumbers, peppers, passion fruit, strawberries.  Green onions with Chinese cabbage[ Carrots, beets, brassicas, dill, lettuce, strawberries, marigolds, mints, ]tomatoes, summer savory, chamomile, pansy   Parsnip Pastinaca sativa Fruit trees   A variety of predatory insects Peas Pisum sativum Brassicas, turnip, cauliflower, garlic, Turnip, cauliflower, garlic, mints   Peppers Solanaceae, Capsicum Okra Beans, tomatoes, marjoram,[ okra, geraniums, petunias, sunflowers, onions[3] crimson clover, basil, field mustard   Potato Solanum tuberosum Brassicas,]beans, ]corn,[13] peas, passion fruit Horseradish, beans, dead nettle, marigolds, peas, onion, garlic, thyme, clover   Pumpkin Cucurbita pepo Corn,[70] beans Buckwheat, Jimson weed, catnip, oregano, tansy, radishes, nasturtiums spiders, ground beetles Radish Raphanus sativus Squash[13] eggplant, cucumber, lettuce, peas,[21]beans, pole beans,[11] Chervil, lettuce,]nasturtiums   Soybean Glycine max   Corn, snap beans,]sunflower   Spinach Spinacia oleracea Brassicas, cauliflower,]passion fruit[23] Strawberries, peas, beans, cauliflower[39]   Squash Cucurbita spp. corn, beans,]okra,[55] Beans, buckwheat, borage, catnip, tansy, radishes, marigolds, nasturtiums Spiders, ground beetles Sweet potato Ipomoea batatas Okra Okra   Tomatoes Solanum lycopersicum Brassicas, broccoli, cabbage,] celery,,roses, peppers, asparagus Asparagus,[14]basil, beans,[] bee balm (Monarda), oregano, parsley, marigold,  alliums, garlic, leeks,]celery, geraniums, petunias, nasturtium, borage, coriander, chives, corn,]dill,  mustard, fenugreek,[37] barley, carrots eggplant,]mints, okra,]sage, thyme, flower strips”   Turnips and rutabagas Brassica rapaand Brassica napobrassica Peas, broccoli Hairy vetch, peas  

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