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Farmers adopt organic methods to treat common cotton crop bugs


Abdul Ghafoor Burdi, a cotton
grower, sharing his fresh studies stated regardless of spending massive amounts
on chemical enter every year he failed to offer protection to vegetation from
illness.

Residing in village Banbhan,
Tehsil Thari Mirwah in Khairpur district, the farmer cultivates cotton on 20
acres once a year, checking out other seeds types and spending no less than
Rs120,000-Rs130,000/acre on insecticides to save the crop. But he does now not
get correct yield.

After experiencing losses for a
few years, he realized organic farming from a Farmer Field School (FFS), which
skilled him regarding climate good agriculture and cost effectiveness. He makes
use of in the community produced extracts of various crops with “virus curing
qualities”.

He has been in a position to
manage pests like whitefly through Kara tuma (Citrullus colocynthis), seed and
leaves of neem (Azadirachta indica) and extract of Aak (Calotropis procera).

The strategies being implemented
to keep watch over the pests come with the usage of chilly water spray,
detergent powders towards whitefly on cotton crop, use of yellow banner (cloth)
treated with sticky subject matter and foliar spray of micro-nutrients on
cotton. Chemical regulate as and when required was once also used, that is
regarded as the final possibility. “These natural remedies can save the crops
from most of diseases,” Burdi stated.

The FFS aims to keep an eye on
crop illnesses and kill harmful bugs through low cost herbal strategies, which
assist achieve high productiveness. The school imparts coaching through a
participatory learning means, the place farmers be told through doing things
themselves. Field experimentation is one of the highest gear for farmers, which
boosts crop control selections.

“After learning these methods, I
have adopted natural remedies to avoid any side-effects on the crop,” Burdi
said. “Results were inspiring against cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV) and
harmful insects like whitefly. After my success, many farmers from neighbouring
villages visit my field.”

Another farmer from the similar
house, Ghulam Shabir Khaskheli also learned organic farming and climate good
agriculture practices. He used to be additionally proud of the effects. The
methods helped him save hundreds on pricey pesticides. He makes use of extracts
of indigenous crops.

According to farmers, the
severity of CLCuV disease will also be minimised through planting occasions.
The virus occurrence used to be managed 20-30 p.c on farmers’ fields with
increasing use of nitrogen and potassium through splitting or blended packages
with foliar spray of boron.

Other practices like built-in
pest control (IPM) techniques had been also applied to control whitefly that
serves as primary vector of CLCuV disease.

Besides white flies, jassid and
thrips, there are different issues like irrigation water shortage, extreme
warmth wave, which damages the crop. There is a necessity of collaborated
efforts to reduce CLCuV, which supplies supply of income to farmers and a large
number of cotton picking ladies.

Cotton is thought of as a big
cash crop of Pakistan after wheat and occupies the largest house in the country
compared to different crops. Among primary crops, cotton accounts for six.nine
% of value-added in agriculture and 1.4 percent of the GDP.

According to a survey via Central
Cotton Research Institute (CCRI) Sakrand Sindh it was once estimated that CLCuV
destroyed 30 % crop because of widespread attack of whiteflies in cotton crop
illness. The illness is both managed through the development of resistant types
or other standardised cultural practices.

FFS-led built-in pest control and
easiest management practices are being implemented in Pakistan since 1995. It
has adequately addressed the cultural control of CLCuV in fields. Under this
initiative, the crop used to be ceaselessly seen thru cotton ecosystem research
(CESA), an crucial software of FFS method. Whitefly population used to be
recorded and controlled via particular techniques.

Women Agriculture Development
Organisation (WADO) has taken this initiative in collaboration with
International Center for Agricultural Research within the Dry Areas (ICARDA),
operating FFSs to benefit native farmers.

The organisation is working on
agriculture for mitigating the effects of CLCuV and supporting cotton, the
foremost crop of the region. They organize trainings for farmers to use natural
and affordable learn how to save crop and cash.

Rasool Bakhsh Khaskhely, a
researcher, related to Sindh Agriculture Extension department, hailing from
Khairpur district, stated these herbal strategies were environment pleasant,
controlling cotton crop and saving expenses of farmer, which in a different way
they used to spend on buying pricey chemical enter.

Comparing, he argues that
pesticides now not most effective purpose danger to human well being but kill
earth pleasant bugs, while harming the ecosystem.

“These environment-friendly
applications to save crops did not damage cattle heads rearing on the crops.
The animals stay safe and healthy in case they move to the cotton crop for
consuming vegetation,” he added.

Khaskhely believes that the arena
countries had been now extra conscious about the usage of natural therapies to
avoid wasting agriculture merchandise, maintain ecosystem and bring organic
crops. He encouraged farmers to observe the most productive practices in
agriculture.

He expressed the hope that in the
long run small farmers would benefit from those practices, which might scale
back their expenses and help achieve optimal yield. These treatments were
simply to be had to farmers.

Asmat Rajput, chairperson, WADO,
claims to have initiated other experiments through FFS for CLCuV management to
save the important crop. The main objective of this component was to validate
and switch perfect management practices for managing cotton crop illnesses, she
added. “The application of urea and micro-nutrients has improved crop vigour
and colour as well.”



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