The Inland Waterways Trust Fund was established to help underwrite the costs of construction and major rehabilitation of the nation’s inland waterway system. Mike Steenhoek, executive director of the Soy Transportation Coalition Fund said, “Funds are generated via the Inland Waterways Tax, a 29-cent-per-gallon assessment on diesel fuel used on 27 stretches of the country’s inland waterway system. The 12,000 miles of fuel-taxed waters include most of the nation’s largest rivers: the Mississippi, Ohio, Illinois, the lower Missouri, and the Gulf and Atlantic Intracoastal waterways.”
The Mississippi River system is America’s primary inland waterway system. It comprises the Mississippi, Arkansas, Illinois, Ohio and Tennessee rivers and the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway. “This extensive waterway system feeds exports from grain elevators from Baton Rouge through New Orleans, to Myrtle Grove, Louisiana. This region handles 57% of U.S. corn exports in volume (valued at $4.8 billion) and 59% of U.S. soybean exports ($12.4 billion), as well as 55% of soybean meal exports and 72% of distiller’s dried grains exports,” said USDA in an August 2019 study.
That USDA study noted that, without “consistent, predictable funding, the grain and soybean export draw area around the waterways system could shrink from an average of 150 miles, currently, to as little as 75 miles under a constrained scenario, as the cost to ship on the river increases.” For corn, delays on the Mississippi River could have up to a 24-cent-per-bushel impact, while the impact to soybeans could be up to 25 cents per bushel.
UPPER MISSISSIPPI RIVER NEARING END OF CRITICAL WINTER MAINTENANCE
Major winter maintenance occurs about every 20 years and includes concrete repairs, sandblasting and repainting the miter gates and updating the bubbler system used to prevent ice buildup within the lock chamber, said the USACE St. Paul District. The $4.5 million winter maintenance project at Lock and Dam 4 is scheduled to be completed mid-March, ahead of the 2021 navigation season.
While most of the work has been performed during the day, the facility is an active work site 24 hours a day, as sandblasting has been conducted overnight. This construction method allows for the painters to follow during daylight hours and ensures the maintenance stays on schedule to reopen the lock on time, noted the USACE.
The St. Paul District maintains 13 locks and dams from Minneapolis to Guttenberg, Iowa, and manages 243.6 miles of the Mississippi River’s 9-foot navigation channel. “Keeping this system open is vital to the nation’s economy,” said the USACE. “The commercial navigation industry transported 10 million tons of commodities through Lock 4 during the 2020 navigation season. The industries making these shipments within the St. Paul District saved nearly $400 million by using the inland waterways instead of overland shipping methods.”
In the Rock Island District, the largest and most noticeable project that took place over the winter was at Lock and Dam 14, LeClaire, Iowa, which was dewatered in mid-January with work continuing until mid-March. “The site has not been dewatered in over 20 years,” said Aaron Dunlop, operations manager for the Mississippi River Project Office. “This dewatering will allow for critical inspections and much-needed repairs.”
There were other lock and dam projects over the winter in both the St. Paul and Rock Island Districts, which is the best time to do maintenance and repairs given there is no barge traffic. “We do this during the winter to ensure we don’t negatively impact navigation,” said Joe Schroetter, project manager at Lock and Dam 4. “The maintenance work ensures the lock will continue to deliver economic savings to agricultural producers and shippers across the Upper Midwest well into the future.”
Here is a link to the entire ASCE 2021 report card: https://infrastructurereportcard.org/….
Mary Kennedy can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
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