Seed is essential in time period of survival of plant species, further propagation and for food purpose. It performs the most important role within the import and export of any nation. Moreover, they’re the most efficient supply of protein starch, vitamins and minerals. Most of the legumes and cereal crop seeds are used as food in every single place the arena. Seed is the fundamental requirement of agriculture. Seed is defined in 3 ways: Botanically, it’s ripened ovule. Physiologically, seed is a miniature plant (embryo) having meals reserve (endosperm) and outer masking which is known as testa or seed coat.
Agronomically, any plant or plant section which can be utilized for further propagation is known as seed e.g. sets of sugarcane.
There are two sorts of seeds, monocot and dicots. Monocots are the seed which include just one cotyledon, cotyledon is the a part of embryo that lies in the seed of a plant. Dicots are the ones which comprise two cotyledons.
Pakistan, being an agriculture nation still going through seed scarcity. Farmers are not able to get high quality seed on the time of sowing.
Public and personal sectors that produce seed all over the country are working in Punjab (552), Sindh (71), KPK (19), Baluchistan (7) and Gilgit-Biltistan (2).
Along with, some multinational firms also are working but unfortunately because of mismanagement seed provide is much less. Multinational seed corporations are Monsanto Pakistan agri. Tech. (Lahore), Pioneer Pakistan seed (Lahore), Syngenta Pakistan seeds (Lahore), Bayer crop science Pakistan (Karachi) and ICI Pakistan (agro chemical & seeds) (Lahore).
In Asia international top seed producing companies are 24
among which 21 is current in Pakistan, however simplest two companies have a
breeding station and manufacturing crops.
Availability of high quality seed, timely supply and coffee
price is the key towards a hit manufacturing of crop. But due to some elements
farmers are facing downside referring to seed which is resulting in lowering
the yield. Some of the standards to seed producing sectors are,
There is less selection of production devices in Pakistan as
in line with demand. In addition, handiest two have their very own breeding and
production gadget, remainder of have not. Lack of research, breeding and
genetics tactics and limited assets is the key think about failure of seed
Commonly seed produce through the multinational seed company
having a better yielding cultivar as in comparison to the seed produce by means
of native production unit.
For instance, maize hybrid of pioneer company cultivated in
all places the country moderately than hybrid produce via the Public or native
production unit of Pakistan. Seed yield of Pakistani manufacturing unit is much
less as compared to the global.
Low seed yield and better input price is some other issue
for seed sector. Poor farmers are not able to get admission to the seed at
upper value. In this way, most of farmer used their own seed (produced within the
farmer box or native seed).
Although, seed market are found in all over the place the
rustic but maximum of them are in giant cities. Furthermore, a few of these
markets aren’t easily approachable to the farmer.
Another problem regarded seed marketplace is the dealer is
dishonest with farmers. Seed broker purchased seed from different local seed
producing companies and promote on upper worth.
Adulteration is a chronic disease for any trade. Unfortunately,
blending of seed (prime yield with lower yield), (old seed and new seed) is quite
common follow in Pakistan.
Less availability of seed storage is huge factor for seed
producing sector. They have very restricted storage space having a capability
of just one season seed. Some seed storage is available at rent however they’ve
higher expenditure. For instance, seed garage or chilly garage for potatoes.
Law enforcement for seed laws may be very deficient. There
is not any right kind take a look at and stability for seed sale and buy. Big
sellers/ seed mafia start storing the seed simply earlier than the season of
crop. When there’s scarcity of seed in market they start supply at top price.
Due to poverty, illiteracy and deficient efficiency of seeds
within the box farmer don’t consider on seed companies. They have their own
faith; they prefer their own seed quite than seed purchased on high value.
Most of the companies produce seed on their very own farm,
harvest seed and packed for marketplace. There isn’t any this kind of
demonstration plot for farmer.
Seed production may also be enhanced by increase within the
collection of production units in every single place the rustic. The genetic
possible of present seed may also be larger thru breeding techniques. We should
dependable on our local produced seed instead of world firms.
In this manner we save an enormous amount which we spent for the import of seed. There is keen wish to make stronger the seed marketplace infrastructure, controlling seed costs and save you seed from blending.
Furthermore, through the availability of seed storage
facilities to the industries, in this manner they may be able to produce and
retailer more seed for long duration. Seed rules must be improved and
To convincing the farmer for native seed, box trial should
be executed at farmer field. Keeping in view the above discussion seed
production will also be larger and it will be a fruitful effort for Pakistan to
avoid wasting an enormous quantity of seed import.