What Do Week 47 Commercial Stocks Tell us?

The blue bars on this chart represent the percent change in commercial stocks of selected grains as of week 47 from the same week in 2019-20, while the brown bars represent the change from the five-year average for this week. (DTN graphic by Cliff Jamieson)

The week 47 Grain Monitoring Program Weekly Performance Update shows total grain stocks in terminal positions down 8% from a year ago, with a significant drop of 13% year-over-year on the West Coast. At the same time, when current stocks are compared to the past three years, it is reported that total terminal stocks are up 2% from the average, with West Coast stocks down just 1% from the average.

Current terminal stocks running so close to average this close to the end of the crop year is perhaps a circle that is difficult to square, given forecasts that point to a significant drop in total stocks in 2020-21. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s June supply and demand estimates point to crop year stocks of grains and oilseeds to fall by 34.5% in the current crop year, while the drop in volume of all principal crops is forecast to fall by 31% overall.

Looking at government estimates for various crops, ending stocks of canola are to fall to the lowest seen since 2013 at 700,000 metric tons (mt). Wheat stocks (excluding durum) are to fall to 4 million metric tons (mmt), also the smallest seen since 2013. Stocks of durum are to fall to 650,000 mt, the smallest in Statistics Canada data going back to 1986, while barley stocks are to fall to a record low of 500,000 mt.

The attached chart shows the reported commercial stocks of various crops as of week 47, compared to 2019-20 (blue bars) and to the five-year average (brown bars). Total commercial stocks as of week 47 are 1.3% higher than last year and 7.8% higher than the five-year average, despite being just a few short weeks away from the end of the crop year.

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